Ovarian cysts are a common occurrence among women of reproductive age, often causing concern due to their potential impact on fertility and overall health. Your Marietta OB/GYN provider at Unified Premier Women’s Care can explain what ovarian cysts are, their symptoms, available treatments, and how they may affect your fertility.

Understanding Ovarian Cysts:

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop on the ovaries, the female reproductive organs responsible for producing eggs. These cysts can vary in size, from as small as a pea to larger than a golf ball. In many cases, ovarian cysts are harmless and resolve on their own without causing any symptoms. However, certain types of cysts or complications may lead to discomfort and require medical attention.

Common Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts:

  • Pelvic Pain: Many women with ovarian cysts experience pelvic pain or discomfort, which may range from dull and aching to sharp and sudden.
  • Bloating: Ovarian cysts can cause bloating or a feeling of fullness in the abdomen, similar to the sensation experienced during menstruation.
  • Changes in Menstrual Cycle: Some women may notice changes in their menstrual cycle, such as irregular periods or spotting between periods.
  • Pain During Intercourse: Ovarian cysts can cause pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse, particularly if the cysts are large or located in certain areas of the ovaries.

Treatment Options for Ovarian Cysts:

  • Watchful Waiting: In many cases, small, simple ovarian cysts resolve on their own without intervention. Your doctor may recommend regular monitoring through pelvic exams or ultrasound scans to track any changes in the cysts.
  • Medication: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or prescription medications may help alleviate pelvic pain associated with ovarian cysts.
  • Surgical Intervention: If ovarian cysts are large, persistent, or causing severe symptoms, surgical removal may be necessary. This procedure, known as ovarian cystectomy, involves removing the cyst while preserving the healthy ovarian tissue.

Impact on Fertility:

The impact of ovarian cysts on fertility depends on various factors, including the size, type, and location of the cysts, as well as the woman’s overall reproductive health. In general:

  • Functional Cysts: Functional ovarian cysts, which develop as part of the normal menstrual cycle, typically do not affect fertility and often resolve on their own without intervention.
  • Endometriomas: Endometriomas, cysts caused by endometriosis, can affect fertility by interfering with ovulation, disrupting the normal function of the ovaries, or causing pelvic adhesions.
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Women with PCOS may experience multiple ovarian cysts along with hormonal imbalances, which can lead to irregular ovulation and difficulties conceiving.

Ovarian cysts are a common gynecological issue that can cause discomfort and concern for many women. While most ovarian cysts are harmless and resolve on their own, some may require medical intervention, particularly if they are large or causing symptoms. If you’re experiencing pelvic pain or other symptoms suggestive of ovarian cysts, it’s essential to consult with your Marietta OB/GYN provider at Unified Premier Women’s Care for proper evaluation and management. https://unifiedpremierwomenscare.com/contact/

Further information:

Healthline: https://www.healthline.com/health/ovarian-cysts